Chiropractic is a complementary health care modality, which primarily focuses on neuro-musculo-skeletal healthcare.
According to the World Health Organization, Chiropractic is one of the most popularly used forms of manual therapy. Chiropractic represents health care in a profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system and the effects of these disorders on general health. There is an emphasis on manual techniques, including joint adjustment and/or manipulation of the spine and its immediate articulations.
Nerves leaving the spine supply every part of the body and include 2 major divisions.
- The Peripheral Nervous System which supplies the limbs and their associated musculature, the muscles and structures surrounding the spine and muscles and structures associated with the head and neck.
Therefore, Chiropractic commonly treats spinal related conditions such as back and neck pain, headaches, scoliosis, Scheuermann’s disease, pelvic imbalances, sway back, torticollis, neuralgia, sciatica, disc injuries and wry neck, to name just a few.
However, Chiropractic is not limited to this definition. In the 5 year training at university, Chiropractors are trained in both spinal and peripheral joint manipulation. Hence, limb injuries are included in the range of presenting conditions to which chiropractic can attend. This may include both tennis and golfer’s elbow, shin splints, carpal tunnel syndrome, frozen shoulder, rotator cuff injuries, ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis and knee and hip pain.
- The Autonomic Nervous System which supplies the organs of the body and is responsible for the automatic function of the organs.
Therefore, interruption or irritation to the nerves leaving this part of the nervous system may influence organ function. Digestion, Blood Flow and Respiratory function may all be influenced by nervous supply. Chiropractic can help with digestive function, blood pressure, migraines and respiratory distress.